Conference Proceedings

[1] C. Jiang, J. Gao, & M. Magdon-Ismail (2020). Inferring Degrees from Incomplete Networks and Nonlinear Dynamics. International Joint Conferences on Artificial Intelligence (IJCAI). (Full Oral)

[2] C. Jiang, J. Gao, M. Magdon-Ismail (2020). “True Nonlinear Dynamics from Incomplete Networks” Proceedings of the Thirty-Fourth AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence (AAAI), New York, NY, USA, (Full oral).

[3] R. Rajaei, A. Bagheri, A. Ramezani, S. P. Cornelius, & J. Gao (2018, June). Designing pinning network controllability for interdependent dynamical networks. In 2018 Annual American Control Conference (ACC) (pp. 3478-3483). IEEE.

[4] H. Zhang, W. Zhang, J. Gao. (2018) The Critical Penetration Level in Oscillator-Based Smart Grid. Power Electronics, Drives and Energy Systems Conference (PEDES), (pp.) IEEE.

[5] Y. Gu, Y. Sun, and J. Gao (2017). “The Co-Evolution Model for Social Network Evolving and Opinion Migration.” ACM SIGKDD International Conference on Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining (KDD).

Journal Papers


[7] Y. Wang, L. Zhong, J. Gao, Q Wang. Identifying the shifting sources to predict the dynamics of COVID-19 in the U.S. Chaos: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Nonlinear Science, Accepted.

[6] H. Farahmand, X. Liu, S. Dong, A. Mostafavi, J. Gao. A Network Observability Framework for Sensor Placement in Flood Control Networks to Improve Flood Situational Awareness and Risk Management. Reliability Engineering & System Safety, Accepted

[5] S. Dong, X. Gao, A. Mostafavi, J. Gao. Modest flooding can trigger catastrophic road network collapse due to compound failure, Communications Earth & Environment, Accepted.

[4] H. Sanhedrai, J. Gao, M. Schwartz, S. Havlin, B. Barzel. Reviving a failed network via microscopic interventions. Nature Physics, 1-12, 2022.

[3] Q. Zhang, J. Gao, J. T. Wu, Z. Cao, and D. D. Zeng. Data Science Approaches to Confronting the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Review. Phil. Trans. R. Soc. A.380: 20210127(2022).

[2] H. He, H. Deng, Qi. Wang, J. Gao. Percolation of temporal hierarchical mobility networks during COVID-19 (Featured as cover story). Phil. Trans. R. Soc. A.380: 20210116 (2022).

[1] Y. He, X. Yue, S. Lindbergh, J. Gao, C. Graves, J. Rakas. Dissecting lightning strike hazard impact patterns to National Airspace System facilities in the contiguous United States. Computers, Environment and Urban Systems, 91, 101735 (2022).


[13] M. W. Macy, M. Ma, D. R. Tabin, J. Gao, B.K. Szymanski. Polarization and tipping points. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 118(50), e2102144118, 2021.

[12] C. Ma, G. Korniss, B. K. Szymanski, and J. Gao. The Universality of noise-induced resilience restoration of ecological systems. Communication Physics, 4 (262), 1-12, 2021.

[11] A. Feng, S. Wu, X. Gao, H. E. Stanley, J. Gao. A quantifying method of non-failure cascading spreading in a network of networks, Chaos: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Nonlinear Science, 31, 123122, 2021.

[10] H. Deng, J. Gao, Q. Wang, Finding adaptive bridges of mobility network in the U.S. during the COVID-19 pandemic. Plos One, 16(11): e0258868 (2021).

[9] Y. Wang, A. Ristea, M. Amiri, D. Dooley, F. J. Fowler; S. Gibbons; H. Grabowski; L. Hargraves, N. Kovacevic; A. Roman; R. K. Schutt; J. Gao; Q. Wang, D. T. O'Brien. Vaccination Intentions Generate Racial Disparities in the Societal Persistence of COVID-19. Scientific Reports 11:19906 (2021)

[8] X. Niu, C. Jiang, J. Gao, G. Korniss, and B. Szymanski. "From data to complex network control of airline flight delays." Scientific reports 11, no. 1 (2021): 1-10.

[7] C. Jiang, B. K. Szymanski, J. Lian, S. Havlin, and J. Gao. "Nuclear reaction network unveils novel reaction patterns based on stellar energies." New Journal of Physics 23, no. 8 (2021): 083035.

[6] H. Deng, D. P. Aldrich, M. M. Danziger, J. Gao, N. E. Phillips, S. P. Cornelius, and Q. Wang. "High-resolution human mobility data reveal race and wealth disparities in disaster evacuation patterns." Humanities and Social Sciences Communications 8, no. 1 (2021): 1-8.

[5] L. Zhong, M Diagne, W. Wang, and J. Gao (2021) "Country distancing reveals the effectiveness of travel restrictions during COVID-19." Communications Physics, (2021)4:121,

[4] Y. Gao, S. Chen, J. Zhou, H. E. Stanley, & J. Gao. Percolation of edge-coupled interdependent networks. Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, 126136, (2021).

[3] X. Meng, J. Gao, and S. Havlin. "Concurrence Percolation in Quantum Networks." Physical Review Letters, 126.17 (2021): 170501.

[2] C. Brissette, X. Niu, C. Jiang, J. Gao, G. Korniss, and B. Szymanski. "Heuristic assessment of choices for risk network control." Scientific Reports 11, no. 1 (2021): 1-8.

[1] J. Yang, Q. Zhang, Z. Cao, J. Gao, D. Pfeiffer, L. Zhong, & D. D. Zeng, The impact of non-pharmaceutical interventions on the prevention and control of COVID-19 in New York City (Featured, Editor's choice), Chaos 31 (2021): 021101.


[1] X. Liu, E. Maiorino, A. Halu, K. Glass, R. B. Prasad, J. Loscalzo, J. Gao (corresponding author), & A. Sharma. Robustness and lethality in multilayer biological molecular networks. Nature Communications 11, no. 1 (2020): 1-12.

[2] G. Zeng, J.Gao, Shekhtman, L., Guo, S., Lv, W., Wu, J., ... & Stanley, H. E. (2020). Multiple metastable network states in urban traffic. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS), 117(30), 17528-17534.

[3] H. Zhang, X. Liu, Q. Wang, W. Zhang, & J. Gao (corresponding author) (2020). Co-adaptation enhances the resilience of mutualistic networks. Journal of the Royal Society Interface, 17(168), 20200236.

[4] Chen, C. Y., Zhao, Y., Gao, J. (corresponding author), & Stanley, H. E. (2020). Nonlinear model of cascade failure in weighted complex networks considering overloaded edges. Scientific Reports, 10(1), 1-12.

[5] Wang, W., Yang, S., Gao, J., Hu, F., Zhao, W., & Stanley, H. E. (2020). An Integrated Approach for Assessing the Impact of Large‐Scale Future Floods on a Highway Transport System. Risk Analysis, 40(9), 1780-1794.

[6] Chen, S., Gao, Y., Liu, X., Gao, J. (corresponding author), & Havlin, S. (2020). Robustness of interdependent networks based on bond percolation. Europhysics Letters, 130(3), 38003.

[7] Dong, S., Mostafizi, A., Wang, H., Gao, J., & Li, X. (2020). Measuring the topological robustness of transportation networks to disaster-induced failures: A percolation approach. Journal of Infrastructure Systems, 26(2), 04020009.

[8] Zhou, Z., Szymanski, B. K., & Gao, J. (corresponding author) (2020). Modeling competitive evolution of multiple languages. PloS one, 15(5), e0232888. (This paper was an outcome from URP)

[9] Zhang, Y., Shao, C., He, S., J. Gao (corresponding author) (2020) Resilience centrality in complex networks. Physical Review E, 101, 022304.


[1] Wang, W., Yang, S., Stanley, H.E., J. Gao (corresponding author) (2019). “Local floods induce large-scale abrupt failures of road networks.” Nature Communications, 10(1), 2114.

[2] Duan, D., Lv, C. Si, S., Wang, Z, Li, D., J. Gao, Havlin, S., Stanley, H. E., and Boccaletti, S. (2019). "Universal behavior of cascading failures in interdependent networks." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS) 116, no. 45: 22452-22457.

[3] Guo, W. F., Zhang, S. W., Zeng, T., Li, Y., J. Gao (corresponding author), & Chen, L. (2019). A novel network control model for identifying personalized driver genes in cancer. PLoS Computational Biology, 15(11).

[4] An, F., Gao, X., Liu, N., Wang, Z., Li, Y., J. Gao, & Stanley, H. E. (2019). Cluster-based topological features of nodes in a multiplex network — from a network of networks perspective. New Journal of Physics, 21(10), 103014.

[5] Dong, S., Wang, H., Mostafavi, A., & J. Gao (2019). Robust component: a robustness measure that incorporates access to critical facilities under disruptions. Journal of the Royal Society Interface, 16(157), 20190149.

[6] Li, D., & J. Gao (corresponding author) (2019). Towards perturbation prediction of biological networks using deep learning. Scientific Reports, 9(1), 1-9.

[7] Lu, X., J. Gao, & Szymanski, B. K. (2019). The evolution of polarization in the legislative branch of government. Journal of the Royal Society Interface, 16(156), 20190010.

[8] Zhang, H., Zhang, W., & J. Gao (corresponding author) (2019). Synchronization of interconnected heterogeneous networks: The role of network sizes. Scientific Reports, 9(1), 1-12.

[9] Liu, X., Pan, L., Stanley, H. E., & J. Gao (corresponding author) (2019). Multiple phase transitions in networks of directed networks. Physical Review E, 99(1), 012312.


[1] Zhang, H., Fan, M. C., Wu, Y., J. Gao, Stanley, H. E., Zhou, T., & Yuan, Y. (2018). Ultrafast Synchronization via Local Observation. New Journal of Physics.

[2] Huang, Z., Wang, P., Zhang, F., J. Gao, & Schich, M. (2018). A mobility network approach to identify and anticipate large crowd gatherings. Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, 114, 147-170.

[4] Panduranga, N. K., J. Gao, Yuan, X., Stanley, H. E., & Havlin, S. (2017). Generalized model for k-core percolation and interdependent networks. Physical Review E, 96(3), 032317.

[5] Liu, X., Pan, L., Stanley, H. E., & Gao, J. (corresponding author) (2017). Controllability of giant connected components in a directed network. Physical Review E, 95(4), 042318.


[1] Gao, J., Barzel, B., & Barabási, A. L. (2016). Universal resilience patterns in complex networks. Nature, 530(7590), 307-312.

[2] Liu, X., Stanley, H. E., & Gao, J.* (2016). Breakdown of interdependent directed networks. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 113(5), 1138-1143.

[3] Pósfai, M., Gao, J., Cornelius, S. P., Barabási, A. L., & D'Souza, R. M. (2016). Controllability of multiplex, multi-time-scale networks. Physical Review E, 94(3), 032316.

[4] Cho, J. H., & Gao, J.* (2016). Cyber war game in temporal networks. PloS one, 11(2).

[5] Havlin, S., Stanley, H. E., Bashan, A., Gao, J., & Kenett, D. Y. (2015). Percolation of interdependent network of networks. Chaos, Solitons & Fractals, 72, 4-19.

[6] Gao, J., Liu, X., Li, D., & Havlin, S. (2015). Recent progress on the resilience of complex networks. Energies, 8(10), 12187-12210.

[7] Liu, X., Peng, H., & Gao, J.* (2015). Vulnerability and controllability of networks of networks. Chaos, Solitons & Fractals, 80, 125-138.

[8] Peng, H., Zhao, D., Liu, X., & Gao, J.* (2015). Collective motion in a network of self-propelled agent systems. PloS one, 10(12).

[9] Gao, J., Liu, Y. Y., D'souza, R. M., & Barabási, A. L. (2014). Target control of complex networks. Nature communications, 5(1), 1-8.

[10] Gao, J., Li, D., & Havlin, S. (2014). From a single network to a network of networks. National Science Review, 1(3), 346-356.

[11] Havlin, S., Kenett, D. Y., Bashan, A., Gao, J., & Stanley, H. E. (2014). Vulnerability of network of networks. The European Physical Journal Special Topics, 223(11), 2087-2106.

[12] Gao, J., Buldyrev, S. V., Stanley, H. E., Xu, X., & Havlin, S. (2013). Percolation of a general network of networks. Physical Review E, 88(6), 062816.

[13] Zhou, D., Gao, J., Stanley, H. E., & Havlin, S. (2013). Percolation of partially interdependent scale-free networks. Physical Review E, 87(5), 052812.

[14] Dong, G., Gao, J., Tian, L., Du, R., & He, Y. (2012). Percolation of partially interdependent networks under targeted attack. Physical Review E, 85(1), 016112.

[15] Gao, J., Buldyrev, S. V., Havlin, S., & Stanley, H. E. (2012). Robustness of a network formed by n interdependent networks with a one-to-one correspondence of dependent nodes. Physical Review E, 85(6), 066134.

[16] Gao, J., Buldyrev, S. V., Stanley, H. E., & Havlin, S. (2012). Networks formed from interdependent networks. Nature physics, 8(1), 40-48.

[17] Huang, X., Gao, J., Buldyrev, S. V., Havlin, S., & Stanley, H. E. (2011). Robustness of interdependent networks under targeted attack. Physical Review E, 83(6), 065101.

[18] Gao, J., Buldyrev, S. V., Havlin, S., & Stanley, H. E. (2011). Robustness of a network of networks. Physical Review Letters, 107(19), 195701.

[19] Chen, Z., Gao, J., Cai, Y., & Xu, X. (2011). Evolution of cooperation among mobile agents. Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, 390(9), 1615-1622.

[20] Gao, J.*, Havlin, S., Xu, X., & Stanley, H. E. (2011). Angle restriction enhances synchronization of self-propelled objects. Physical Review E, 84(4), 046115.

[21] Chen, Z., Gao, J., Cai, Y., & Xu, X. (2011). Evolutionary prisoner’s dilemma game in flocks. Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, 390(1), 50-56.

[22] Gao, J.*, Chen, Z., Cai, Y., & Xu, X. (2010). Enhancing the convergence efficiency of a self-propelled agent system via a weighted model. Physical Review E, 81(4), 041918.

Books & Book Chapters:

  1. D. Kenett, J. Gao, X. Huang, S. Shao, I. Vodenska, S. Buldyrev, G. Paul, H. E. Stanley, S. Havlin. Network of Interdependent Networks: Overview of Theory and Applications. Networks of Networks: The Last Frontier of Complexity. Springer, 107, 3--36 (2014).

  2. J. Gao, A. Bashan, Louis Shekhtman, S. Havlin. Introduction to Network of Networks. IOP ebooks, (2016) In preparation.

Conference Abstracts

[1] Brissette, C., J. Gao, Magdon-Ismail, M., & Slota, G. (2020). Parallel computation of fixed points on networks of nonlinear ODE. SIAM networks, 530(7590), 307.

[2] Warner, M., Yadav, N., Skurka, D., Bhatia, U., Rao, V., Clark, K., Chaterjee, S., J. Gao, and Ganguly, A.R., (2020) January. Resilience of Hierarchical Network-of-Lifeline-Networks Under Compound Weather Extremes. In 100th American Meteorological Society Annual Meeting. AMS.

[3] Wang, W., Yang, S., J. Gao (2020) Impact of large-scale future floods on the railway system, EGU General Assembly 2020.

[4] Bhatia, U., Chatterjee, S., Ganguly, A. R., J. Gao, Halappanavar, M., Oster, M., ... & Tipireddy, R. (2018, October). Aviation Transportation, Cyber Threats, and Network-of-Networks: Modeling Perspectives for Translating Theory to Practice. In 2018 IEEE International Symposium on Technologies for Homeland Security (HST) (pp. 1-7). IEEE.

Conference Awards

[1] Chatterjee, S, Ganguly, A., Shathanur, A, Yadav, N, Subasi O, Halapppanavar, M, Bhatia, U., Gangwal, U, Kamboj, D., Singh, M, J. Gao, Clark, K., Brigantic, R. Cyber-Basaed Interdependent Infrastructure Network Resilience Analysis. (2019) Society for Risk Analysis (SRA).


  • Jianxi Gao, "Robustness and synchronization of network of networks ", Thesis for Ph.D., 2012.

  • Jianxi Gao, "Convergence of dynamic networks based on Vicsek model", Thesis for Master, 2009.